Bardiya National Park: Spotting Tigers And Rhinos In The Wild

Bardiya National Park: Spotting Tigers And Rhinos In The Wild – In late March, Dilli Rawat went to Bardia National Park in western Nepal to look for vegetables. Rawat, a 62-year-old villager, was bending down to pick up straw when he was attacked by the tiger. Three people with him must escape with their lives. When he returned with the officer, he found a partially eaten corpse.

The endangered Bengal tiger population in Nepal is increasing. The latest tiger population survey in 2018 estimated that there were 235 tigers in the country – a 94% increase from the first count of 121 in 2009. The 2018 survey found about 87 Bengal tigers in Bardia National Park, up from 18 in 2009.

Bardiya National Park: Spotting Tigers And Rhinos In The Wild

Bardiya National Park: Spotting Tigers And Rhinos In The Wild

The goal was adopted by the 13 tiger nations at the Global Tiger Initiative meeting in 2010 – in the decade before 2019, there will be no human deaths related to human-tiger conflicts. Report on Bardiya District, Southwest Nepal: A Remarkable Conservation Success Story.

Bardiya National Park, Nepal, Achieves Anti Poaching Success During Covid Pandemic

But recently it seems to have changed. In the past 9 months, 10 people died due to tigers in the park.

Bhavna Rawat, daughter of Dilli Rawat, who died in a tiger attack in Bardia National Park in March 2021 (Photo: Tulsi Rauniar)

Rawat lives in Mohanpur village of Thakurbaba district. Currently, Bhavana Rawat’s daughter-in-law is facing difficulties and financial difficulties. “I’m not safe because my husband, a migrant worker, is stuck in Malaysia,” she said. “Our lives depend on the forests, and now I fear to approach them.”

The song and voice of the tiger created fear for the villagers living in Madhuban, Gerua and Thakurdwar municipalities. “We feel constant danger,” said Dev Chaudhary from Bethali village. “A few years ago, we were afraid of rhinos and elephants, now, it’s tigers.”

Wild Tiger Nepal Hi Res Stock Photography And Images

In order to prevent further attacks, the park authorities have imposed many restrictions. per resident. Since January, pedestrians and two-wheeler drivers are not allowed to use the highway in the Amreni-Chisapani section of the park. Parts of the buffer zone around the park, including the Khata Biological Corridor and the Samjna Community Forest, have been closed.

Villagers have the right to use forest resources more than the area around the protected forest, the main protected forest

In the municipality of Geru, where three of the ten murders took place, there is a 20-kilometer barbed wire fence around the village. . The national park has also suspended tourism activities such as safari walks to ensure the safety of tourists and guides, and park officials have banned people from entering the forest only to collect food and wood.

Bardiya National Park: Spotting Tigers And Rhinos In The Wild

The death has occurred with the increase of tigers in human settlements. Conservationists say there are many complex issues involved.

Year Of The Tiger: Best Places To See Tigers In The Wild Ethically

Ashim said, “Not all tigers are carnivores, but as the number of tigers increases, the risk of attack increases because the younger and weaker tigers seek new territories and prey – wild boar, cattle, buffalo and sometimes.” Thapa. In Bardia National Park. “And some other attacks occur as a result of insects when humans enter the tiger’s territory.”

Bardia supports a large tiger population in an area of ​​968 sq km including forest reserves. Studies have shown that the largest male Bengal tiger in Nepal can range from 5-20 kg. square meters. “Elsewhere, tigers seem to need territories larger than 60-100 square kilometers,” Thapa said.

“Depending on the size of the house, it can double as a tiger,” said Amy Fitzmaurice, a wildlife researcher at the University of Oxford who works on human-tiger conflict in Bardia. “Research has shown that prey and wild areas are large enough to support large populations of wild animals.”

The park is aware of the plight of the people, including organizing programs to understand tiger attacks and advise them on how to protect themselves and their pets, but said it was too early to say what might have led to the attack. . “The reality on the ground is more complex,” said Robin Kadaria, head of the National Trust for NGOs for Nature Conservation (NTNC) in Bardia. “Conflicts are the result of a combination of factors. There is no single solution. Quick and decisive action is needed to encourage local communities to change their behavior to eliminate tigers or reduce the risk of conflict.

Bardia National Park Tiger Stock Photos

The Gerua River, which forms the western border of Bardia National Park, is an important water source for wildlife, while riparian forests provide habitat.

Mr. Thapa said, “In the past years, the Gerua River has changed its course. “Due to 15 years of quarrying stone and sand near the Chisapani River, the water level has dropped significantly.”

Due to the drought and lack of water during the rainy season, wild animals including tigers come to the habitat to get water. The low water level makes it easier for villagers to cross the river to enter the forest.

Bardiya National Park: Spotting Tigers And Rhinos In The Wild

Low water level in the Gerua River in Bardia National Park. Animals come out of the park in search of water due to drought in the park (Photo: Tulsi Rauniar)

Bardia National Park Tour

To meet the ongoing water crisis, the National Park has built 152 artificial ponds and water pumps. Sun since 2015.

“However, this has not proven to be enough to solve the persistent problem, the water crisis seems to be getting worse, with the construction of the Ranijamara irrigation and irrigation and power projects in Babai [river of Bardia National Park], the crisis will worsen in the future,” said Kadaria.

The local community asked the authorities to stop mining to increase the amount of water in the Gerua River. Officials told rural municipalities that there are strict regulations to control mining.

In the survey, most people in Bardia cited poverty as the main reason for accessing the forest. They depend on the forest to collect firewood, fodder and timber. Not only has Covid-19 increased the pressure of poverty, but the lack of tourists and the suspension of safaris have resulted in local leaders losing income.

Bardiya National Park Of Nepal

Jaishara Bhandari (68) of Mohanpur near the national park was in the forest with Dalli Rawat on the day of the fatal attack. Although access to the forest is restricted, Bhandari often indulges in cutting grass for cattle as he has no other means of livelihood.

Like Bhandari, many villagers risk their lives to collect resources from the forest, even at the risk of encountering wild animals and park officials.

Mr. Dr. Kumar Paudel, wildlife crime researcher.

Bardiya National Park: Spotting Tigers And Rhinos In The Wild

Mr. Paulel added, it is necessary to find a way to reduce the dependence of forest dwellers by creating new opportunities. The solution, he says, involves working with local communities, integrating them into conservation efforts rather than replacing them.

Lack Of Large Prey May Be Feeding Rise In Nepal’s Human Tiger Conflicts

In Nepal and elsewhere in India, programs try to reduce the likelihood of human-wildlife contact. This may include buffer zones for growing firewood, fodder and timber, or providing free access to biogas. Mr. Thapa told The Third Poll that park officials are considering the distribution of equipment as a measure to reduce the risk of tiger attacks in Bardia.

In a new report, Fitzmaurice and his team urge us to better understand and reduce the current level of human-tiger conflict in Bardia and Banke National Park. Otherwise, he wrote, “there is a clear risk of escalation”.

Park officials are under pressure to act immediately and preparations are underway. Go to evaluate the carrying capacity of tigers in Bardia National Park.

In the survey, the number of tigers in Bardia National Park was counted. It happens every 3 to 4 years, and the next one will be held at the end of 2021.

National Parks With The Best Chance To Spot Tigers In India

Carrying capacity is determined through environmental studies. It establishes a population of organisms that can be sustained in a stable condition considering the resources available in the ecosystem.

This is the first capacity assessment for Bardia National Park. Park officials agree that the study will take place ahead of plans to increase the number of tigers in Nepal. Just to start.

Additionally, conservation teams from NTNC, Bardia National Park, International Union for Conservation of Nature and Michigan State University have begun studying tiger movements and behavior in the park. The team plans to install radio collars on tigers to track their movements and identify tigers causing conflict; Then they were moved.

Bardiya National Park: Spotting Tigers And Rhinos In The Wild

Meanwhile, park officials, in collaboration with NTNC and the Zoological Society of London, are campaigning in the community in Bardia.

Bardiya National Park

Wild tigers in america, tigers in the wild videos, where do tigers live in the wild, where are tigers found in the wild, rhinos extinct in wild, wild tigers in thailand, how many rhinos left in the wild, rhinos in the wild, what do tigers eat in the wild, how many tigers left in the wild, tigers in the wild, black rhinos in the wild

0 0 votes
Article Rating
Subscribe
Notify of
guest
0 Comments
Inline Feedbacks
View all comments