Bhaktapur Durbar Square: The Living Museum Of Newari Culture

Bhaktapur Durbar Square: The Living Museum Of Newari Culture – Located in the Bhaktapur Durbar Square in the beautiful historic city of Bhaktapur, the National Art Gallery is now home to the 55-window Malla Palace. The gallery has a collection of manuscripts and history, such as papyrus scroll paintings, bronze, bronze, stone and wooden statues. this is probably the best gallery and museum in Nepal. The National Art Gallery sustained some damage during the April 25 earthquake in Nepal.

The impressive collection of paintings and murals is a source of pride for the museum. The paintings and art displayed here are mainly from Buddhism. There are some very ancient images called Thankas that Buddhist monks used to focus on during prayers. These oil paintings of Hindu and Buddhist deities date back to the Malla period and the carved stone figures belong to the Licchhavi period.

Bhaktapur Durbar Square: The Living Museum Of Newari Culture

Bhaktapur Durbar Square: The Living Museum Of Newari Culture

One of the other attractions in the gallery is the fine stonework and a room depicting the life and times of the Shah kings of Nepal. There are also many valuable scriptures and everyday items, samples, on display. The second floor of the building is entirely dedicated to historical chronicles and manuscripts belonging to various monarchs of the Rana and Shah dynasties and provides a deep insight into the political, cultural, social and economic conditions of the time. However, some documents are considered confidential and are not open. However, researchers could obtain permission from the Ministry of Culture to access archived documents. The gallery can be very interesting and useful for history students and researchers alike.

A Complete Travel Guide To Bhaktapur In Nepal

The fact that the gallery is located in an old palace also contributes to making the gallery an interesting place. One can imagine and understand what life was like for the people who lived in the palace. The large windows, the high ceilings contrast with the narrow doors. So National Art Gallery is very interesting and useful for those who want to understand the lifestyle and time of Malla period. In addition, the building, the palace with 55 windows – Pachpanna Jhyale Durbar – is considered as one of the high architectural values ​​and historical significance of Nepal.

The gallery is open from 9:30am to 4:30pm daily except Sundays, Mondays and public holidays.

Entrance Fee The National Art Gallery is not covered by Bhaktapur’s main entrance fee. It costs 150 rupees for a ticket to the National Art Gallery, but this ticket also gives you entry to the Woodwork Museum and the Metallurgy Museum in Dattatreya Square. Bhaktapur Durbar Square is one of the most popular UNESCO World Heritage Sites in Nepal. Bhaktapur tourism gives you the best opportunity to have a look at the culture of Nepal as well as the traditional heritage of Nepal.

Bhaktapur is called Khwopa in the local Newan language. The cultural capital of Nepal, Bhaktapur’s history dates back to the early 8th century and it used to be the capital of all of Nepal until the 12th to 15th centuries. Until the beginning of the 18th century, the ancestors protected the city as a sovereign land, surrounded by walls and several city gates. The city is shaped like a flying dove and occupies an area of ​​6.88 square kilometers. and is 1401m above sea level. Bhaktapur is home to nearly 100,000 people, most of whom are farmers. Entrepreneurs, craft producers and civil servants are, among other things, Juju Dhau (yogurt), BhadgauleTopi (black medal), Haku Pasati (bordered black saree), ceramics and handicrafts are the city’s identifiers and are known for their uniqueness. Most of the residents are Hindus or Buddhists. It is the religious harmony that unites the villagers. All festivals and cultural activities, regardless of your religion, are observed with full commitment and equality.

National Art Museum Inside Bhaktapur

A blend of northern art and southern mythological philosophy, the ancient art, architecture and culture is Bhaktapur’s heritage, inherited from past generations. Pagoda and Shikhar Temples, Vihars and Bahis, (Traditional Buddhist Monasteries), Lonha Haiti (Stone Water Spout), Ponds, Pat, Math and Sattal (Public Shelters), Stupa City Gates, Terracotta Temples, Dyochhens (Abode of Hindu Gods) , Jahana (traditional water tanks), palaces, artistic private houses and other cultural and historical moments are the main features of the old city. Recognize the importance of this well-preserved heritage. Bhaktapur Durbar Square was established as a World Heritage Site in 1979 AD.

Bhaktapur is a “living heritage” or “living museum” that reflects the vibrant depth of Newari culture. Huge festivals of local Newars, their lifestyle, their rituals, Daffas (praying group) and Guthis and traditional dance groups bring alive the intangible heritage of the city. Bisket Jatra (mid-April), Ga Jatra (August), Dasháin and Tihar (October/November) are the major attractions of the festivals. Everyone can experience daily cultural activities like Daffas, Bhajans (hymns), worship dances, music, rituals, traditional Newari dress and lifestyle while visiting the city. . These living estates were handed down for centuries in an unbroken chain from generation to generation.

The amazing cultural heritage of Bhaktapur Newari is the pride of all human civilization. Keeping this in mind, Bhaktapur Municipality is revitalizing the creations of these forefathers with various schemes and programmes. To this end, the city charges an entrance fee to all foreign tourists who have visited the city center since 1993, and the amount is used to preserve culture, heritage, build up the city and improve infrastructure, education and skills. of work and the city is one of the top tourist destinations in Nepal. The municipality also gives grants for timber, traditional bricks and tiles to encourage local people to build their buildings in traditional style. The city has also been one of the ten cleanest cities in Asia through its clean-up efforts.

Bhaktapur Durbar Square: The Living Museum Of Newari Culture

Five Storey Temple, Bhairab Nath Temple, 55 Window Palace, Taleju Complex., Jagannath Temple, Pashupatinath Temple, Nawadurga Deo Chhen Tipurasundan Deo Chnen, Siddhapokhar and Kamal Pokhari, Public Shelters (Pati, Sattal), Jhaur Bahi and Chaturhmisha Mahd, City gates , wells and fountains etc. the most important monuments preserved in the city with public participation. Therefore, the ancient city still refers to the charm of the Middle Ages, and every foreign visitor gets to experience the lifestyle of centuries ago by visiting the city.

Nyatapola Temple, Bhaktapur

Bhaktapur Durbar Square, the main square of the city, is a collection of stone art, metal art, wood carving and terracotta art and architectural pieces. The Golden Gate, the statue of King Bhupatindra Malla sitting on top of stone monoliths, the National Art Gallery, the Palace with 55 windows, the Vatsala Temple, the Great Bell, the Bell of Barking Dogs and the Pashupatinath Temple (Yachheswor Mahadev- temple) with erotic wood carvings, Siddhilaxmi stone temple, “Chyasinhmandap” octagonal structure, Phasi Degá (Silumahadev Temple), golden spout, stone spout, Taleju complex, Pahanchhen, replica of Chardham (Temples of Jag Nath, Badri Nath, Rameshwor and Kedarna Hindu places of pilgrimage) and many masterpieces of stone carving are the square’s main attraction.

Taumadhi is the next important square in the city where the best example of engineering and architecture can be seen multi-roofed and rectangular temples. The finest craftsmanship of stone carving, traditional stone spout water tank and wood carving proudly displays its glorious history. Nyatapola Temple, Bhairabnath Temple, Tilmadhav Narayan Tem and a stone carving of an earthquake protector are the main monuments in the square.

Pottery is known as one of the oldest professions in the world. In Bhaktapur, you can still see many potters working with their traditional wooden wheels to give the clay different sizes. Talakwo (middle south of the city) and Suryamadhi (east of the city) are two special districts of Bhaktapur where the eastern part is made called Pottery Square Bhaktapur Durbar Square.

It is the oldest part of the city, which is also an open museum, especially for woodcarving. Dattatraya, the oldest temple in the city, Bhimsen temple, waterspout, peacock window and other windows of various sizes and shapes and mathematics are the main art and architecture of this place. A museum of bronze and bronze and woodcuts can also be seen on the square.

Bhaktapur Durbar Square Framed Matte Paper Poster

Bhaktapur is also surrounded by very interesting places. As you walk or drive around the city, you will experience breathtaking natural beauty, glorious historical monuments, indigenous lifestyle and panoramic views of the high Himalayas. Changu Narayan, Nagarkot, Suryabinayak, Thimi, Nagadesh and Bode are ideal places to visit in the city. Durbar Squares are a very important part of our country’s history and culture. Before unification, Nepal was divided into small kingdoms and the present Durbar Squares are the remnants of these ancient kingdoms. It is noteworthy that three Durbar Squares in the Kathmandu Valley: Kathmandu Durbar Square, Patan Durbar Square and Bhaktapur Durbar Square were part of the three Newar kingdoms located there before their unification. All three are UNESCO World Heritage Sites. These places include temples, idols, open gardens, fountains and many other cultural artifacts. Due to the devastating earthquake of 2015, these places were severely damaged, but most of the structures are still there.

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