How Many Tigers Are There In The Wild

How Many Tigers Are There In The Wild – A rescued tiger jumped into a river after being released from a cage in the Sundarbans, on India’s border with Bangladesh. Photo: Deshkalyan Chaudhary/AFP/Getty Images

Officials say the population in the mangrove forest is much lower than previously believed, after a census using cameras hidden in the trees to record numbers.

How Many Tigers Are There In The Wild

How Many Tigers Are There In The Wild

Only 100 tigers live in the famous Sundarbans forest in Bangladesh, which, according to the census, is much less endangered than previously thought.

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About 440 tigers were recorded during the last census in 2004 in the Sundarbans, the world’s largest mangrove forest and one of the last remaining habitats for the big cats.

But experts attribute the big drop in numbers to better methodology, saying this time hidden cameras, rather than markers, are providing much more accurate numbers.

Tappan Kumar Dey, the government’s wildlife conservator, said an analysis of camera footage from a year-long survey that ended in April yielded numbers between 83 and 130, with an average of 106.

“So we have about 106 tigers in our parts of the Sundarbans. This is a more accurate number,” Day told Agence France-Presse about the research, which has yet to be made public.

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About 74 tigers were previously counted on the Indian side of the Sundarbans, which make up about 40% of the forest spread over 10,000 square kilometers (3,860 sq mi).

Bengal tigers live mainly in India, where there are 2,226 across the country, with smaller populations in Bangladesh, Nepal, Bhutan, China and Myanmar.

Monirul Khan, a biology professor at Jahangirnagar University in Bangladesh and the country’s leading tiger expert, said the research confirmed his worst fears.

How Many Tigers Are There In The Wild

“The population seems to have declined more than we feared,” Khan said, adding that his studies showed the number was no more than 200.

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Khan said the government should do more to protect the animals, whose numbers are dwindling due to poaching and rapid development on the forest’s edge.

The World Wildlife Fund says tigers around the world are in serious danger of extinction in the wild. Their numbers have dwindled from 100,000 in 1900 to about 3,200 now.

Officials acknowledged that the pugmark tracking system used in 2004 was unreliable and that cameras were installed on trees throughout the forest for the latest survey.

“The figure 440 was a myth and a fantasy. Parts of Bangladesh’s Sundarbans can support 200 tigers the size of their prey,” he said, appealing to authorities to take action to better protect the big cats. Conservation organizations say the estimated number of tigers living in the wild has increased this year for the first time in more than a century. New technologies, including hidden cameras, help track and count animals, which can increase some.

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The World Wildlife Fund and the Global Tiger Forum reported Monday that there are now about 3,890 wild tigers, mostly in Asia, up from an estimated global population of 3,200 in 2010. Wild tigers are considered endangered, with numbers declining due to hunting, poaching and habitat loss such as deforestation, particularly in Sumatra for the palm oil and pulp and paper industries, the groups say. Official numbers have declined every year since 1900, when tigers numbered 100,000.

“For the first time after decades of steady decline, tiger numbers are on the rise,” WWF International Director General Marco Lambertini said in a statement. “It offers us great hope and shows that when governments, local communities and conservationists work together, we can save species and their habitats.”

The report is based on data on wild tigers from 13 countries. It was announced ahead of a major tiger conservation meeting set to begin Tuesday in New Delhi with remarks by Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi. This will be the first meeting since governments agreed to double the wild tiger population by 2022 at a summit in Russia in 2010.

How Many Tigers Are There In The Wild

In the 2016 report, countries showing an increase in the number of wild tigers are India (2,226); Russia (433); Nepal (198); and Bhutan (103). The numbers are estimates.

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Growth is likely as some countries add more areas to their national surveys, and conservation efforts are likely to pay off.

Advances in technology since 2010 have also helped national surveys show an upward trend in some countries, said Jeanette Hemley, WWF’s senior vice president for wildlife conservation.

Tiger droppings are analyzed for DNA, and motion-activated cameras placed in the forests help capture images of tigers that a human tracker might not be able to see.

Their banding patterns are as unique as human fingerprints and can therefore be used to more accurately count individual animals.

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“Tigers are very secretive, nocturnal animals and naturally difficult to spot,” Hamley said in a telephone interview. “The tools we use now are more precise than they were six years ago.”

Some of the numbers that helped make the 2016 figure show the lowest numbers in the estimated range, including Indonesia, with about 371 tigers; Malaysia (250); Thailand (189); and Bangladesh (106). China, Vietnam and Laos posted single-digit figures.

The figures include data from the International Union for Conservation of Nature, government estimates and observations from conservation groups.

How Many Tigers Are There In The Wild

Myanmar has not updated its estimate of tigers, which was 85 in 2010, so this figure was not used in the 2016 report. Cambodia has speculated that there are no wild tigers; No evidence of tigers since 2007.

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Miss. Hemle said Cambodia recently announced a new move to reintroduce tigers to the eastern part of the country and is in talks to bring in Bengal tigers from India, Nepal and Thailand.

Conservation groups have a network that monitors illegal wildlife trade. Between January 2000 and April 2014, the network said authorities seized 1,590 tigers that were part of the illegal poaching trade. Tiger parts are used in traditional medicine and health treatments, especially in China. Tigers are unlike any other cat species. Whether it’s because their roar can be heard three kilometers away, their stripes are as unique as each person’s fingerprint, or because they symbolize will and courage, tigers have fascinated humans for centuries.

But this growth has not always resulted in improved living conditions for wild tigers. In fact, humans are endangering these big cats – directly by hunting them and indirectly by causing global warming. The latter has resulted in significant loss of natural habitat for some tiger species.

In 2016, the World Wildlife Fund (WWF), a global non-profit organization that works to conserve endangered species, estimated that there were about 5,000 tigers in zoos or as pets in the United States alone. the zoo. world More recent reports suggest the number of tigers captured could be as high as 7,000, but no one knows for sure.

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The exact number of the six tiger subspecies surviving in the wild today is also an estimate. The International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) Red List of Threatened Species lists between 2,150 and 3,160, down from fewer than 100,000 a century ago.

WWF is slightly more optimistic, putting the number at around 3,900 and noting that the wild tiger population is increasing. Perhaps they are among the lucky ones. More than 27,000 species are currently threatened with extinction – and these are the animals that humans, in particular, are driving towards extinction.

Tigers, the largest of all Asian big cats, weighing up to 660 kg, live about 10 years in the wild, although some live up to 26 years. That is, if two survive, then half of the cubs die in forest fires or heavy rains, or are killed by adult males so they can mate with their mother.

How Many Tigers Are There In The Wild

Wild tigers also face other threats. First, their natural habitats are Asian rainforests, grasslands, forested areas and similar places where wild boar and deer, which are an important part of the tiger’s diet, live in abundance. These areas are shrinking as forests are used for agriculture, commercial logging and urban housing as the continent’s human population continues to grow rapidly. According to WWF, about 93% of the land occupied by tigers has been lost.

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Second, poaching is a huge problem. Every part of the mighty beast, from whiskers to tail, is traded in illegal wildlife markets. The fact that about 387,000 square miles of suitable tiger habitat is empty means that poaching is a major threat to the survival of wild tigers.

Finally, there is good news. The wild tiger population is increasing for the first time in a century, albeit slightly – only about 700 as of 2010, according to the WWF. India, Russia, Nepal and Bhutan saw increases in numbers due to revised surveys

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