Patan Durbar Square: Ancient City Of Fine Arts And Crafts

Patan Durbar Square: Ancient City Of Fine Arts And Crafts – Known as the ‘City of Arts’, Patan is a must-see in the Kathmandu Valley. Patan, also known as Lalitpur, is five kilometers south of the capital Kathmandu. Patan, the capital of Lalitpur province, is the oldest city in Nepal. The stunning sculptures and architecture found in Patan’s Durbar Square date back to the 16th century.

If we look at the history of Patan, according to sources accepted by the scientific world, the history of Patan dates back to the Lichhavi era. This is evidenced by an inscription placed on the Manga hiti (trough of water) built by Balbi (grandson of Mandev) in 570 AD. King Ashoka, a major contributor to the growth and development of Buddhism from 304 BC to 233 BC, is also said to be responsible for the construction of the four stupas outside the corners of the palace.

Patan Durbar Square: Ancient City Of Fine Arts And Crafts

Patan Durbar Square: Ancient City Of Fine Arts And Crafts

However, most of the monuments of the palace were built during the reign of King Siddhi Narsingh Mala (1618-1661 AD), the first king of the independent Mala Patan dynasty. This king oversaw the construction of the palace complex. As a result, many of the Mara dynasty ruled, worshiped and lived in the area now known as Lalitpur. As a result, Patan Durbar Square is surrounded on all sides by important historical temples and monuments. The surrounding area is filled with buildings of various architectural styles. Many examples of different architectural styles reflected in the buildings can be found around the square.

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Later, in 1768 AD the late Prithvi Narayan Shah of Gorkha was able to conquer the city of Patan without resorting to violence. The journey from Kathmandu to Patan feels more like a city trip than an actual trip because of the unique nature of Patan. But once you enter Patan Durbar Square, you are in a completely different place.

Ancient temples and monuments with a rich and illustrious history are major attractions of the tourism industry. However, a list of ancient temples and monuments are some of the most popular places for tourists to visit in this region.

Hiryanya Varna Mahavihar (Golden Temple): This Buddhist temple is a 3-4 minute walk from the complex known as the Golden Temple. This temple is also known as Halanya Varna Mahavihar. It is the oldest, richest and most famous building. The temple is said to have been built by Raja Bhaskar Varma in the 12th century. It is a three-storied golden pagoda-style temple enshrining Buddha Shakyamuni, who was born in the Lumbini forest. Inside the temple, on top of the terraced pagoda, there is a special image of Amog Pash Lokeswaran and a large prayer wheel. The walls are decorated with paintings and sculptures depicting the Buddha’s wide and active life. Some of these statues are very beautiful.

Buddhist monasteries are sometimes called monasteries. This monastery has been associated since the Buddha’s life. Shakyamuni Buddha is worshiped as the supreme deity of all ashrams. Also kept are images of Buddha Panchadiyani, Buddha Tara, Buddha Lokeshwar and various Bodhisattvas. Between the 12th and 18th centuries, Buddhism declined in India but flourished in Nepal, especially in Patan. Patan is home to over 300 different monasteries.

Patan Royal Palace, Mul Chowk, Patan Durbar Square, Patan, Nepal T Shirt By Marek Poplawski

The main temple at Vehar is designed in Nepali pagoda style. In Bihar, the door is always on the east side of the building, and in front of the gate is a pair of male and female guardian lion statues symbolizing the power of the guardian deity. Kundari in Bihar, Nepal’s first city, is located in Lumbini in the southwestern part of Nepal. The combination of metal and wood in the Vihara architecture creates an enchanting beauty. Brick, wood, mud, metal and stone are some of the materials used for construction in Bihar.

Kumbeshwar Mahadeva Temple: A 5-7 minute walk from the main complex at Durbar Square. It is one of the two five-storied temples in the Kathmandu Valley. Another one is Nyatapur temple in Bhaktapur. Actually, the center of this Kumbeshwar Mahadeva (God of Destruction) temple is the worship of Lord Shiva.

It is the second most visited shrine in Nepal after Pashupatinath. It is widely believed that every winter, Lord Shiva spends six months at the Kumbeshwar temple. After that, he is expected to spend the summer with his partner Parvathi on the Gaurishankel peak, 43 km north of Kathmandu. Dedicated to Lord Shiva, this pagoda-style temple was built in the 14th century (1392 AD) during the reign of King Jayasthi Mala and is the oldest temple in Patan. It is designed like a tower with five roofs. Religious festivals take place in Kumbeshwar during the sacred thread festival known as Jaane Poornima or Raksha Bandhan. The festival starts on the full moon day of August.

Patan Durbar Square: Ancient City Of Fine Arts And Crafts

Temple is another name for temple. Talking about the architecture of the temple, we can say that there are various styles of temple like shikara style, dome style and mixed style. This multi-roofed temple is known as a Nepali style temple. It is also called Newar style, Mandapa style and Pagoda style. The first temples in the Nepalese style appeared in the Lichhavi period. On the other hand, modern design is inspired by contemporary architecture.

Unesco World Heritage Durbar Square Of Nepal

Krishna Temple: Located on the west side of Patan Durbar Square, Krishna Temple was built in 1636. Legend has it that it was built for a dream. King Siddhi Narsingh Mala dreamed that Lord Krishna and Radha were in front of his palace. In my dream they were both holding hands. The king ordered a temple to be built at the same place.

Ten years later, when the kingdom was in conflict with a neighboring kingdom, the king conquered it after praying to Krishna to help defeat the enemy. As a token of gratitude, the king built an exact replica of the temple in the courtyard of Sundari Chowk. The Shikara style of architecture was brought from India for use in the construction of Krishna temples. 21 There are three floors below the golden mountain structure. There is an altar dedicated to Krishna on the first floor, Shiva on the second and Lokeswara on the third. The Krishna Temple in Nepal is the first building in the country to be designed in the Shikara style.

Built in Shikhara style, the design of this temple is inspired by the peak. Shikara style is also known as Nagara style, Beersara style, Dravidian style, Ratha style and Northern style. The South Indian temple is designed in the Besara and Dravidian traditions. The Nagara style is popular throughout Nepal, especially in Kathmandu and the western parts of the country. The Krishna Temple and the Mahabuddha Temple at Patan are prime examples of the Sikara style of architecture. Shrines include Sidi Lakshmi Temple and Narayana Temple in Bhaktapur. Shiva Temple in Kathmandu. Anantapur. and Pratapur, the site of the Monkey Temple.

The oldest temple built in the Shihara style of architecture is in western Nepal. The history of this temple, Vinayak Panchadevar, dates back to the 13th century. Sikhara-style temples can be traced back to the Vedic period (3,500 years ago) in India. In Nepal, temples of the Lichhabi period built in Shikhara style were destroyed. In fact, they came from India.

Patan Durbar Square Visit In Kathmandu

Another king, Yoganarendra Mara, built the Manimandapa temple between 1684 and 1705 and carved his image on the stone pillar at the temple’s capital.

The three main chowks (courtyards) that make up Patan Durbar Square are Mar Chowk, Sundari Chowk and Keshav Narayan Chowk. This is also one of the highlights of the square.

Mar Chowk: Mar Chowk is the largest of the three main courtyards of the palace and is guarded by two lions.

Patan Durbar Square: Ancient City Of Fine Arts And Crafts

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