How Many Black Rhinos Are Left In The World Today

How Many Black Rhinos Are Left In The World Today – The impact of COVID-19 has been felt around the world. We hope you and your loved ones are safe and sound. Our priority remains to keep our employees, field partners, and security secure, and as a result, we have implemented additional protection, monitoring, and security protocols.

In Africa, we have seen short-term benefits in reducing poaching during a global pandemic. In response to the virus outbreak, countries around the world have closed their borders and restricted domestic and international travel. With a growing military and police presence, frequent checkpoints being introduced, state parks and private reserves closed to all outside visitors, hunting gangs Local thieves find it very risky to move without raising suspicion. And international travel restrictions have closed wildlife trade routes to China and Vietnam, the biggest black markets for rhino horn.

How Many Black Rhinos Are Left In The World Today

How Many Black Rhinos Are Left In The World Today

Meanwhile, 900 people were killed by crime in Africa last year, almost 1 every 10 hours. But this year, South Africa recently reported that poaching fell from 319 in the first half of 2019 to 166 in the first half of 2020. Kruger National Park’s Intensive Protected Area reported zero. rhino poaching in April, the first since 2007.

Here’s What Might Happen To Local Ecosystems If All The Rhinos Disappear

However, we have serious concerns about the long-term impact of COVID-19 on the local economy and communities. As lockdown restrictions begin to ease in many countries, poaching is on the rise again. With the devastation of local economies and severe job losses, we are concerned that more and more people will turn to poaching and other species.

In addition, the COVID-19 lockdown has forced conservationists to postpone planned rhino investigations, which are important to know the status of these endangered populations. In 1993, there were less than 2,300 blacks left in Africa. The species is still critically endangered in a fraction of its historic population of 65,000. However, some good news in this difficult time, our partners have reported an increase in the number of black rhinos from 5,500 in 2019 to 5,630 this year and expected numbers This will continue to increase slightly. In some local areas, the increase may be higher than expected. Zimbabwe’s Bubie Valley recorded an impressive 13.8% population growth in the first six months of 2020.

Another species in Africa, the white rhinoceros, has been in decline over the past two years due to intense poaching. The population is estimated at around 18,000 and we are concerned that this species will continue to decline this year.

Perhaps the most severe impact of the global pandemic on rhino conservation is the severe loss of tourism revenue for game reserves that rely on tourism revenue for all wildlife activities. their wild animals. In response to this crisis, the IRF established a Reserve Support Fund this spring to provide funds short of these reserveers’ wages and equipment. To date, we have awarded nearly $250,000 in funding to ensure that protection continues, and we plan to continue to fund as long as there is a need and we have the funds.

Northern White Rhinos Are About To Die Out Should We Save Them?

Now I want to head to Asia. There are less than 80 Sumatras left in Indonesia. This species is now possibly the most threatened large mammal on Earth, having declined by more than 70% in the past 30 years. There are three small, isolated populations on the Indonesian island of Sumatra, plus a handful of animals in Kalimantan. The last Sumatran rhino in Malaysia, Iman, died in late 2019.

In 2017, the Indonesian government developed the Sumatra Emergency Action Plan to deal with continued habitat loss and population fragmentation. In its third year, the Sumatran Rhino Rescue Project, founded by IRF and our partners, has launched surveys in Wai Kambas, Bukit Barisan Selatan and Gunung Leuser National Parks, as well as in Gunung Leuser. in Kalimantan, Indonesian Borneo to identify these operations as part of a broader plan to rescue them and bring them to large semi-natural breeding and research facilities such as the Sumatran Rhino Sanctuary in Wai Kambas to increase the population.

COVID-19 caused obstacles with delays in training and rescue options planned for this year. Time is of the essence in these activities and we are doing our best to move forward despite the challenges.

How Many Black Rhinos Are Left In The World Today

Another Indonesian species, the Javan rhinoceros, increased slightly from 72 to 74 last year, with two new births just announced! The Javanese are found only in Indonesia’s Ujung Kulon National Park, where they are heavily protected. Thanks to tight security measures, there has been no poaching in Uyung Kulon for over 20 years.

How Many Rhinos Are There In The World Right Now?

However, illegal fishing and lobster poaching in the protected waters of Uyung Kulon National Park are both a threat to the habitat and the potential for poachers to flock to the beaches. the sea of ​​the park they visit. The IRF funded the new marine patrol, which was launched in January 2020. During the first six months of operation, two marine patrol units arrested 45 ships and 218 people illegally entering the park.

As the Javan rhino population increases, the expansion of their habitat will be a major concern. Habitat management projects are underway in the Java Rhino Conservation and Research Area in Ujung Kulon, such as the removal of the popular Arenga palm tree, which opens corridors to cross other areas. park and promote the development of new food sources.

In India, the population of large unicorns has steadily increased to more than 3,600 in India and Nepal, from a low of 100 in the early 20th century. Nepal had planned to conduct a census in 2020, but has postponed the census until 2021 due to the impact of COVID-19.

Strict protection by the state government and forestry officials in India has led to a decrease in poaching for several years. In Assam, there were only three reported losses in 2019 and only two this year.

Africa’s Western Black Rhino Declared Extinct

Under the Indian Rhino Vision 2020 program established in 2009, two older rhinos were moved to Manas National Park in March before closing due to COVID-19. This move brought the Manas population to 41.

Unfortunately, the final move scheduled for late spring has been postponed. India Rhino Vision 2020 was scheduled to end this year with a new strategy designed to build on the success of the programme, but the review and planning meetings have also been postponed.

Monsoon season 2020 in Assam saw the sixth worst flood ever recorded in Kaziranga National Park. 18 and hundreds of other wildlife species died in the floods. In response to widespread destruction and loss, calls to action have been intensified and the government has issued a proposal to build more man-made plateaus in Kaziranga.

How Many Black Rhinos Are Left In The World Today

We are concerned that the hasty construction of the plateau, which has not been scientifically studied and planned, could lead to future devastating changes to the fragile ecosystem. A wrong conservation approach could derail decades of progress and threaten future pronghorn recovery.

Wildlife Photographer Of The Year: The Brutal Reality Of Rhino Poaching

There have also been developments in assisted reproductive technology, or ART, over the past year. In August 2019, a team of scientists collected eggs from two remaining female northern white rhinos, artificially inseminated them with frozen sperm from the dead males, and created two embryos. viable northern white rhinoceros. With the support of the Kenyan government, this process was repeated in December 2019 and new embryos were successfully generated, greatly increasing the chances of producing offspring. Additional eggs were collected last month and the investigation is ongoing.

The research is part of an effort to save the subspecies from extinction, as well as advance the science of assisted reproductive technology as a tool for rhino conservation. Preparations for the next steps are underway with a plan to select a group of southern white rhinos in the Ol Pejeta reserve from which a female can act as a surrogate mother for the northern white rhino embryo.

They face many threats from habitat loss, human encroachment and fragmented populations that inhibit reproduction; however, poaching remains the biggest threat to their existence. The drop in rhino horn prices since 2015 has not deterred poachers.

The decline in poaching during the global pandemic gives us hope that stronger commitment by governments to enforcing wildlife crime laws can disrupt the large criminal syndicates involved. related to poaching, allowing the population to grow steadily.

Why Black Rhinos Are Endangered And What We Can Do

On behalf of the International Rhino Foundation, thank you to our partners, supporters, and all of you who love us for helping us conserve despite many difficult obstacles this year. Together, we can ensure these wonderful creatures thrive for generations to come. A black rhino grazes in July 2010 at Eden Game Reserve in South Africa. Officials say eight black rhinos, a critically endangered species, have died in a resettlement effort in Kenya. (Photo by Cameron Spencer/Getty Images)

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Eight black rhinos have died in a resettlement attempt in Kenya

How Many Black Rhinos Are Left In The World Today

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