How Many Tigers Live In The Wild

How Many Tigers Live In The Wild – A tiger escaped from a river after breaking free from a cage in the Sundarbans bordering India and Bangladesh. Photo: Deshkalyan Chaudhary/AFP/Getty Images

Officials say the mangrove forest population is much lower than previously thought after a census using cameras hidden in the trees to record the numbers.

How Many Tigers Live In The Wild

How Many Tigers Live In The Wild

There are only about 100 tigers left in Bangladesh’s famed Sundarbans forest, which according to the census is far less endangered than previously thought.

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About 440 tigers were recorded during the previous census in 2004 in the Sundarbans, the world’s largest mangrove forest and one of the last remaining habitats for the big cats.

But experts say the big drop in numbers was due to better methodology, and they say hidden cameras used this time instead of footmarks gave a more accurate figure.

Government wildlife warden Tapan Kumar Dey said camera analysis of a year-long survey completed in April showed numbers ranging from 83 to 130, with an average of 106.

“There are about 106 tigers in our parts of the Sundarbans. This is a more precise number,” Day told Agence France-Presse about the survey.

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About 74 tigers have been counted on the Indian side of the Sundarbans, representing about 40% of the 10,000 square kilometers (3,860 sq mi) of forest that stretches between the two countries.

Bengal tigers live mainly in India, where there are 2,226 nationwide, with smaller populations in Bangladesh, Nepal, Bhutan, China and Myanmar.

Monirul Khan, a zoology professor at Jahangirnagar University in Bangladesh and the country’s top tiger expert, said the research confirmed his worst fears.

How Many Tigers Live In The Wild

“The population appears to have declined more than we feared,” Khan said, adding that his studies suggest the number is no more than 200.

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Khan said the government should do more to protect the animals, whose numbers are dwindling due to poaching and rapid development at the forest’s edge.

The World Wide Fund for Nature says that tigers around the world are in serious danger of extinction in the wild. Their numbers have declined from 100,000 in 1900 to about 3,200 now.

The pawmark tracking system officials used in 2004 was unreliable, and for the latest survey, cameras were placed on trees around the forest.

“The number 440 was a myth and fiction. The Bangladeshi parts of the Sundarbans can support up to 200 tigers and their size,” he said, urging officials to take steps to better protect the cats. is the largest of all cats. , the tiger is the most impressive and fearsome animal. , easily identified by the black stripes on the reddish-orange fur. Although it was widely used in the past; In modern times, its range includes parts of the Indian subcontinent, Russian Far. East, parts of China, the Indochina Peninsula and the Indonesian island of Sumatra. India alone accounts for more than 70% of the total wild tiger population.

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Tigers are an endangered species whose population has declined by about 97% in the last 100 years. In the past, tigers lived all over Asia, but now they are found in only 13 countries of the tiger range. These are India, Nepal, Bhutan, Bangladesh, Myanmar, Russia, China, Thailand, Malaysia, Indonesia, Cambodia, Laos and Vietnam. In some of these countries, however, there is only anecdotal evidence of tiger presence at this time.

India has the largest number of wild tigers in the world. According to the latest tiger count in 2018, there were 2,967 tigers in the country, representing more than 70% of the world’s wild tiger population. This is a significant increase from 2,226 tigers in 2014. In 2006, there were only 1,411 tigers in the wild in the country. Conservationists and citizens of the country raised the alarm, leading to a great effort to save the species. As a result, the number of tigers gradually increased to 1,706 in 2010, after which the population increased further.

Nepal, a Himalayan country that hosts the world’s highest mountain, Mount Everest, is also home to a large population of wild Bengal tigers. In 2009, there were only 121 tigers in the country. By 2013, the number had increased to 198. A survey conducted between 2017 and March 2018 gave more good news. The tiger population has increased to 235, almost double the number in 2009.

How Many Tigers Live In The Wild

Bhutan, another country bordering India in the Himalayas, is otherwise small, with 103 tigers. The tiger population was revealed in 2014 when the state conducted its first nationwide survey. Before this survey, the tiger population in the country was estimated at 75 tigers.

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Bangladesh, a country bordering India in South Asia, has its own tigers that live in a unique mangrove forest habitat in the Sundarbans region. Poaching, habitat loss, climate change are the biggest threats to the Sundarban tiger. According to a report by the Dhaka Tribune, there are about 114 tigers in the Sundarbans region of the country.

Russia has also achieved significant success in conserving its tiger population, which has declined over the centuries due to hunting and habitat degradation. According to the latest census of 2015, the tiger population in Russia is estimated to be between 480 and 540 tigers. Tigers found in the country are well adapted to life in the harsh cold climate of Siberia.

China has the largest illegal market for tiger hunting parts. These parts are used in traditional Chinese medicine or for demonstration at home. So it is not surprising that there are only about 50 tigers in the wild in the country. Large numbers of tigers are bred in captivity in China. Unfortunately, the active illegal tiger market in the country has not only nearly wiped out the wild tiger population in the country, but is also responsible for the eradication of tigers in many other countries.

In Southeast Asia, tigers suffered greatly. Studies show that there are about 100 to 160 wild tigers in Thailand. The country’s protected areas are now receiving a lot of attention from both the Malaysian government and international conservation organizations such as Panthera. Some positive effects have been reported in this direction.

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Malaysian tigers suffer greatly from poaching and habitat destruction. It is estimated that there are around 250 to 340 tigers in the country.

Illegal trade in tiger body parts is also rampant in Vietnam. Tiger bone paste is used in the preparation of traditional medicine in the country. Although tigers once flourished in Vietnam, today there is incontrovertible evidence of tiger existence. A tiger has not been photographed in Vietnam since 1997.

Unfortunately, Cambodia has recently lost its wild tigers. In 2007, the country’s last wild tiger was photographed with a camera trap in the Mondulkiri Protected Forest. In 2016, WWF declared tigers functionally extinct in Cambodia. Plans are now underway to reintroduce the species into protected areas.

How Many Tigers Live In The Wild

Sumatran tigers live in Indonesia, numbering about 1,000 in 1978. Today, it is estimated that there are only about 400 of these tigers in the country. There is no specific number.

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Laos has also almost lost all its wild tigers. According to family information, there are few or no tribal tigers in the country. According to the country’s government, there were only 17 tigers living in Laos in 2010.

Although the number of tigers in Myanmar has not been officially counted, it is believed that some tigers still live in the wild in some parts of the country. The exact number requires research.

The mangrove forests of the Sundarbans are a difficult habitat for tigers, where they swim around the island in search of food and mates. Image credit: Soumyajit Nandi/

Tigers can thrive in an incredibly diverse range of habitats, provided suitable prey is available. In the Indian subcontinent, tigers also inhabit tropical moist dry deciduous forests, tropical moist forests, evergreen forests and mangrove swamp forests of the Sundarbans. Tigers have also been recorded in the subalpine forests of the Himalayas in northern India, Nepal and Bhutan. On the island of Sumatra, tigers are found in mountain forests and swamps. In Thailand, they are found in evergreen and deciduous forests. The Siberian tiger lives in temperate broadleaf, Korean pine, and mixed forests.

In India’s Sundarbans: Where People Live Face To Face With Wild Tigers

Siberian Tiger Tiger. Unfortunately, the future of tigers is threatened by human pressure in all parts of the world where they are found. Image credit: Asmus Koefed/

Throughout their range, tigers face a variety of threats, including habitat loss, fragmentation and degradation, and poaching. Linear infrastructural development, such as building roads and railways through forests, disrupts the flow of offspring between tiger habitat fragments and tiger populations. Poaching of tigers for their body parts is a major threat to the species, especially in Southeast Asian countries, China and Russia. Tiger parts are used in the preparation of traditional Chinese medicine, which has no scientific basis. Climate change is a growing threat to tiger populations. Rising sea levels and extreme weather events such as cyclones in the Sundarbans of India and Bangladesh pose a challenge to tiger conservation.

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