How Many Rhinos Are Left In The Wild

How Many Rhinos Are Left In The Wild – NAIROBI, Oct 21 () – A mother, one of the world’s two remaining northern white rhinos, was removed from a breeding program designed to save the species from extinction, scientists said on Thursday.

Najin Fatu’s mother, 32, is the only remaining donor in the program, which aims to implant artificially created embryos into more rhino species in Kenya.

How Many Rhinos Are Left In The Wild

How Many Rhinos Are Left In The Wild

The surviving male is unknown, and the two remaining white rhinos are unable to bear calves.

Northern White Rhinos Guarded As 1 Male Left Worldwide

Northern white rhinos, which are actually gray, used to roam freely in many East and Central African countries, but their numbers have been greatly reduced due to poaching.

Led by researchers from Germany’s Leibniz Institute for Animal and Wildlife Research, the Biorescue team is racing against time to save the world’s most endangered mammals.

Najin (right) and her daughter Fatou, two northern white rhinos, graze on March 31, 2018 in Ol Pejeta National Park, Laikipia National Park, Kenya. Thomas Mukoya

“The team decided to remove the older of the two remaining females, 32-year-old Najina, as an egg donor,” Biorescue said in a statement.

Endangered Species: Newly Created Northern White Rhino Embryo Could Save Species From Brink Of Extinction

Scientists are hoping to implant embryos from the eggs of dead male scorpions and frozen sperm as surrogate mothers.

“We’ve been very successful with Fatu… So far we have 12 pure northern white gecko embryos,” said David Ndeereh, deputy director of research at the Wildlife Research and Training Institute, a Kenyan government agency.

The team hopes to produce the first northern white rhino calf in three years, and a larger population in the next two decades. Every September, the International Rhino Foundation (IRF) publishes a signature report called State of the Rhino, which documents the current situation. Population estimates and trends, if any, and key conservation and development challenges for five species of rhinoceros living in Africa and Asia.

How Many Rhinos Are Left In The Wild

In its 31-year history, the IRF has funded rhino conservation efforts in ten countries through grants and programs on the ground, focusing on scientific research, anti-poaching, habitat and population management, breeding, community support, research Animal crime. focused on education and legal support. the fight against illegal environmental trade, environmental education and demand reduction. In the past decade alone, the IRF has invested more than $20 million in rhino conservation and research.

Resurrecing The Northern White Rhino In Four Steps

), found in fifteen countries: Angola, Botswana, Chad, Democratic Republic of Congo, eSwatini, Kenya, Malawi, Mozambique, Namibia, Rwanda, South Africa, Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia and Zimbabwe. Not all countries report population or hunting data.

The African Rhinoceros Specialist Group (AfRSG) of the IUCN Species Survival Commission (SSC) published a report in 2022.

There are currently 22,137 people in Africa: 6,195 black and 15,942 white. The total number of 23,562 is 6% less than the last report of the Task Force in 2017.

Poaching is still a threat to Africa. As of 2017, there were 2,707 cases of rhino poaching in Africa, 90% of which were in South Africa. In 2020, when the government implemented measures to reduce the spread of COVID-19, including lockdowns, poaching decreased significantly – from 3.9% of the continent’s population in 2018 to 2.3% in in 2021. The trail is now open again, the hunt is booming again.

Sumatran Rhino Sighted In Indonesian Borneo For First Time In 40 Years

Whites are declining primarily due to hunting losses. The population has decreased by almost 12% in the past four years, from 18,067 to 16,000 today.

The white rhinoceros, along with the large one-armed rhinoceros and their size, is the largest land mammal after the elephant. It has two distinct species, but only the southern white rhinoceros population (

) has disappeared due to hunting in the wild and there are only two females left in a sacred place in East Africa.

How Many Rhinos Are Left In The Wild

AfRSG estimates that the number of black rhinos has increased by 12 percent in recent years, from around 5,495 individuals in 2017 to more than 6,000 today.

How Many Rhinos Are Left In The World Today?

By the end of the 20th century, the number of black rhinos was very low. Between 1970 and 1993, blacks declined by 96 percent, with only 2,300 out of 65,000 living in the wild. Since 1996, intense anti-poaching efforts and strategic relocation to safer areas have allowed the species to slowly recover. Poaching is the biggest threat.

There are three subspecies of black rhinoceros, southern, eastern and southwestern. Populations of all three species have increased, with the largest increase (33-42%) seen in the eastern black grouse over the past decade. In 2020, AfRSG upgraded the majority of the species, the southwestern black rhinoceros, from threatened to endangered due to continued population growth over the past three generations. The other two subspecies and the species as a whole are still in the Critically Endangered category.

Botswana’s rhino population has declined dramatically in the last four years and half the population has disappeared. It is estimated that whites decreased from 452 to 242. Blacks from 50 to 23. Annual poaching increased, from nine in 2017 to 55 in 2021.

AfRSG called on Botswana to review its current approach to reducing poaching and adopt or implement new programs to respond to the crisis. Rhino horn is controlled to be smuggled from Botswana to the Vietnamese market by organized crime networks spanning at least four countries, including the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Zambia, Namibia and Botswana. They work by blocking trade routes and blocking horn shipments.

Northern White Rhinos: Scientists Create Two Embryos To Help Save The Animal

AfRSG reports that eSwatini currently holds 48 blacks and 98 whites by 2021.

ESwatini is small; The entire country can be accommodated in South Africa’s Kruger National Park. But the house is very reasonable. The eSwatini Mkhaya Game Reserve, purchased by Big Game Parks in 1979, is a protected area with tight security. As a result of high protection and active efforts to protect endangered species, it was transferred from South Africa to the national park for protection.

There are 938 blacks and 873 whites in Kenya. Among them are the last two known whites (

How Many Rhinos Are Left In The Wild

In the early 1980s, the Kenyan government, realizing that the black rhinoceros was headed for local extinction, put several strategies in place to save the species. One effective cooperative strategy is to relocate remaining blacks to small, heavily guarded sanctuaries on public and private land. All blacks in Kenya belong to the state; Non-profit organizations and community conservation organizations can apply to the Kenya Wildlife Service to become black rhino ‘guardians’.

Rhino Guide: How To Identify Each Species, Where To See And Conservation

Kenya prepares a new Black Rhino Action Plan every five years. The goal of the current plan is to reach 830 black people by the end of 2021.

Institutions and researchers around the world are working to bring the northern white rhino back from extinction by genetically creating northern white embryos and eventually implanting these embryos into female southern white rhinos to produce calves. In a series of three phases between October 2021 and September 2022, the BioRescue consortium, a team of scientists and conservationists from the Leibniz Zoo and Wildlife Research Institute, Safari Park Dvůr Králové, Kenya Wildlife Service, Institute for Environmental Research and Education, Avante , the University of Padua and the Ol Pejeta Conservancy have created seven new northern white rhinoceros embryos, bringing the total number created to 22. Oocytes (eggs) were collected from Fatu, the northern white rhinoceros, in October and January at the Ol Pejeta Conservancy in Kenya, then matured and fertilized. at the Avantea laboratory in Italy. Recently, embryos were produced from the sperm of Angalifu, a dead northern white rhinoceros cow. The developing embryos are stored and will be transplanted to replace southern white rhinos in the future. More embryos increase the chance of producing northern white rhino calves.

It disappeared from Malawi in the 1980s, but returned to the Majete Wildlife Reserve in 2003 with the government of Malawi and African Parks. Since the return, no one has been lost from the hunt. Malawi is currently home to 56 black people, and the population of Liwonde National Park was also established in the past.

Due to the 15-year civil war that ended in 1992, as well as poaching, Mozambique’s wildlife population has been greatly affected. After 40 years of extermination, they were re-introduced to Mozambique in 2022. So far this year, the Peace Parks Foundation has transferred seven black and 20 white animals from Manketti National Park in South Africa to Zinave National Park in Mozambique. More than forty are planned to visit the park.

One Of World’s Last Two Northern White Rhinos Withdrawn From Breeding Program

Poaching is the main threat to the displaced population. Mozambique is a transit country for the illegal trade in rhino horns, which are obtained by poaching in South Africa. In response, Mozambique signed an agreement with Vietnam on cooperation in wildlife conservation and protection and is working to strengthen law enforcement activities. Mozambique also participated in the “Gold Rush” which helped the authorities

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