Kathmandu Durbar Square: A Glimpse Into Nepal’s Royal History

Kathmandu Durbar Square: A Glimpse Into Nepal’s Royal History – Befitting the dignity of royalty and heritage, the Hanuman Dhoka Palace is a symbol of the past glory of the Mala Kings and the Shah Kings that have passed through the centuries. Located in the middle of the old city, this ancient Hanuman Dhoka Palace is also a UNESCO World Heritage Site. Historical and cultural traditions of the country play an important role in the formation of artistic traditions. In ancient palaces, many wealthy kings rose and fell

Descendants of the Shah family. The king followed prominent sects of Hinduism and Buddhism and encouraged the construction of temples, palaces, sometimes stupas and monasteries, which were brightly decorated with sculptures and images of gods and goddesses. The palace was the seat of the Shah family until 1886 when the royal residence was moved to the Narayanhati Palace. This large square is the historical residence of the royal family of Nepal. The square with old temples and palaces reflects the religious and cultural life of the people. The kings of Nepal were crowned here. With several complexes spread over five acres, it depicts the rich arts and crafts of the time. It has ten courtyards filled with sculptures and relics of that time. King Pratap Mala expanded the original building and added several temples in the 17th century. The old part of the palace is the beautiful Chowk and Mohan Chowk in the northern part of the palace. In 1768, after Prithvi Narayan Shah conquered the valley, he built four lookout towers in the south-eastern part of the palace.

Kathmandu Durbar Square: A Glimpse Into Nepal’s Royal History

Kathmandu Durbar Square: A Glimpse Into Nepal's Royal History

The Hanuman Dhoka Darbar complex is an amalgamation of various architectural styles found in Nepal. The Pagoda style of architecture, which is purely Nepali, is usually a multi-storied complex made of brick, wood and mud, and is often seen in a square. There are also temples in Shikara architecture whose peaks look like mountain peaks. Jayari Devi Kumari House is built in Vihara architecture. Various temples are decorated with exquisite carvings, sculptures, carvings, etc. The 2015 earthquake caused much more damage to the Hanuman Dock Durbar Square than the rest of the Durbar complex. However, we restore and restore temples and structures that have been destroyed. Most of the temples in Hanuman Dhoka Durbar Square are open to visitors. Interesting things you can see in the square are:

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Outside the temple of Devi Kumari is the temple of Lord Trilokya Mohan. During the Indrajatra festival, this temple plays an important role where people offer 10 different avatars of Lord Vishnu. The temple is locally known as Das Avatar Deol. From an architectural point of view, this temple is very interesting. This temple is built in typical Nepali style. The temple stands on the fifth plinth and has a 3-storey tiled roof. There is a statue of a guard in front of the western entrance of the temple. The garuda sculpture has its own significance as it represents the culture and traditions of the Lachchaen period. This statue is a replica of Changu Narayan, Hadigun Satya Narayan Sathan and Narayana Hati Narayani Sathan.

Kasth Mandap is locally known as Maru Satal. This huge temple has a long history. The kastha mandap was made from the wood of this single tree. And the name Kathmandu is derived from Kast Mandap. The three-storied Casta Mandap has an open ground floor, highlighting its original purpose as a public building. The embellishments and carvings added over the years have greatly improved the original design and brought it closer to the appearance of the shrine. The central image of the Kastha Mandap is Saint Gorakhnath. The four corners have the image of Ganesha, the elephant-headed deity.

East-south from Kastamandap we find a three-storied building called Kavindra Puri or Nasal Deity Temple situated on the ground floor. This building was built by King Pratap Malla during his reign. On the ground floor of this building, we can find the statue of Nateswara Shiva, also known as Nasal deity. The Nasal Devata Temple, also known as Kundrapur, is designed differently from other temples located in the valley. We only see beautiful walls and doors from the front side of the temple, the temple looks like a house.

To the south of Kastamadup we can see a square three storied building called Sanga Satal. As a kastha mandap, this building was also designed in the shape of a leaf and a pava. We see four vultures in the four corners of the first floor. Today, there are various shops on the ground floor. The upper floor of the house is open like piti and pawa, a balcony is built. According to legend, this satal is made from wood left over from the construction of Kastamandup.

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Kasthamandap east north side we can see three storied Lakshmi Narayana temple. But before that Pati and Pava were made alike in Kastamandap and Sanga Satal. On the top floor of this temple is a statue of Vishnu, which was built in the 19th century. On the first floor we also find statues of ‘Hanuman’ and ‘Mahankal’.

To the north west of Trilokiya Mohan Temple we find a large temple called “Maju Deol”. This temple is on the ninth peak. After Tally and Degu Tally temple, this is the third tallest temple that we can find in the Hanuman Dhoka complex. In total, the temple has four gates and inside the temple we can find a huge Shiva Lingam. A stone staircase is built from the bottom of the temple to the top. This is the best place where you have a chance to see the beautiful scenery of the valley.

This temple was built long before the conquest of Kathmandu. Then in 1766, the image of Mahiptendra Narayan was stolen and in 1768, when King Prithvi Narayan entered the city, the temple was empty. Then Prithvi Narayan Shah brought it with him and kept it in this empty dargah near the palace. It is visited every year in April at Nowakot, 57 km north of Kathmandu and again a few days later.

Kathmandu Durbar Square: A Glimpse Into Nepal's Royal History

To the south of Trilokhya Mohan Temple is the Shiva Parvati Temple. This temple is built in Nepali style of architecture. However, this temple has some significance. This temple stands on two platforms, the first platform is very large, because different functions are done in this platform. We see two huge lion statues standing at the door to guard the entrance to the temple. The second floor of the temple is decorated with various types of wood art. Interestingly, the central dargah is made of a wooden sculpture of Shiva and Parvati looking through the window. They seem to stare at everyone who passes by.

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The big bell is located near the Shiva Parvati temple. Sri Panch Rana Bahadur Shah built this bell. This bell is almost on the second floor. It is said that this bell was placed here to protect the city from thieves and ghosts.

On the ground floor of Degu Tally Temple, we can see a magnificent statue of Mithi Bhairab. The statue is beautifully covered with wooden windows that are opened only during the Indira Yatra festival. Bhairab is believed to be an incarnation of Lord Shiva and is considered the most powerful of all. Mithi Bhir statue has big eyes, long hair and very sharp teeth. The statue of Bhairab mainly shows full body features, but the statue of Sweet Bhairab seen during the Indira Yatra festival shows only the head neck. One of the attractions of the festival is the tradition of drinking wine from the mouth of the Bhir. Mithi Bhairab is decorated with flowers of snakes and skulls, which looks very dangerous.

In the northwest corner is the temple of the Lord in front of the Digu Taleja temple

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