The Greek And Roman Gods And Goddesses

The Greek And Roman Gods And Goddesses – Although Rome is the main center of Catholicism today, the ancient Romans were polytheists and worshiped numerous Roman gods and goddesses who they believed helped them succeed in their daily lives and above all helped them achieve their goals of becoming rulers of many. . the known world.

Most of the Roman gods and goddesses were taken from the Greek pantheon. Over time, as the Roman Empire expanded, the Romans incorporated other foreign gods into their religion – as long as they suited their culture – and eventually converted to Christianity in the late 12th century.

The Greek And Roman Gods And Goddesses

The Greek And Roman Gods And Goddesses

Roman gods are collected in many ways. The Di Consentes made up the 12 main deities of the Roman Pantheon: they were known as the 12 Councils and were a clear reflection of the Greek gods and goddesses. The group Di Selecti consisted of 20 gods, some of whom sat among the gods Di Consentes.

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Jupiter, Juno and Minerva formed the Capitoline triad, i.e. the 3 main Roman gods, replacing the archaic triad of Jupiter, Mars and Quirinus, deities found in Sabine mythology.

As in Greece, the Roman gods and goddesses were arranged in pairs: Jupiter-Juno, Neptune-Minerva, Mars-Venus, Apollo-Diana, Vulcan-Vesta, and Mercury-Cera.

Read on to learn about the most important Roman gods and goddesses and what roles they played. I will also mention their Greek counterpart.

Jupiter, known as Zeus in Greece, is the father of the gods, the god of the sky and thunder. In fact, his Latin name, luppiter, literally means “heavenly father.” He is known for using thunderbolts as a weapon and was the national deity of Rome until he converted to Christianity.

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The Roman people believed that Jupiter made them “superior” because he respected them more than other civilizations. As such, he was also the personification of the Roman sense of divinity.

“By Jove!” (or “By Jupiter!”) sounds like a fancy thing people say, but it actually comes from the Latin exclamation pro Iovem and pro Iuppiter, which literally means “My God!” It was very important to say.

Perhaps better known by her Greek name Athena, after which the city of Athens was named, Minerva is first and foremost the goddess of wisdom. She is also the goddess of art, justice, war, trade and victory and law. Minerva, like all Roman deities, represents many things.

The Greek And Roman Gods And Goddesses

She is often represented by an owl, which represents wisdom and knowledge. At other times, though less often, it appears with an olive and a snake between them.

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The story of his origin in Greek mythology is pretty crazy. He was born from the head of Zeus, already fully grown, fully clothed and covered in armor as if ready for battle.

Although of Greek origin, Minerva appears in many Roman myths. One of them is Medusa, who was found kissing the god Neptune in a temple dedicated to Minerva. After the discovery, Minerva turned Medusa’s hair into a snake and cursed all creatures that looked at her to be turned to stone. Maybe an overreaction, but this is what the gods have in store for you!

Juno – queen of the gods, wife of Jupiter and mother of Mars – is the Roman goddess of marriage and childbirth. Like Jupiter, he is one of the main protectors of the city of Rome and the Romans in general.

She is shown armed like Minerva and wearing a goatskin. This warrior outfit has its roots in the Greek goddess Athena. But in fact it has one of the most complex theologies of ancient Roman religion, with many different epithets, aspects and roles. The Everything Classical Mythology Book: Greek And Roman Gods, Goddesses, Heroes, And Monsters From Ares To Zeus: 9781580626538: Bolton, Lesley: Books

Although her primary role is as the goddess of marriage, she is also seen as the protector of vitality, eternal youth, fertility and society. Known as Fluvonia or Februalis among its many epithets, it is named for its role in fertility rituals in February and represents the beginning of the new year.

Apollo is one of the most important gods of the Roman pantheon. It covers a lot of bases – it’s true; prophecy; music and dance; healing and illness; poetry and archery. Perhaps most importantly, he is the god of the sun and light.

She mainly embodies the ideal of harmony and reason, called kalokagathia, which was extremely important for Greek civilization. After all, he is also the national god of the ancient Greeks. He is one of the few gods of the classical world who have the same name in both Greek and Latin.

The Greek And Roman Gods And Goddesses

There are many temples dedicated to Apollo in Greece and other Greek colonies. The most famous of these is from Thebes, B.C. Built in the 9th century, one of the temples of Apollo in Rome was dedicated to his doctorate, the healing aspect and BC. It was founded in 431. It was rebuilt in 34 BC, but today there are only three pillars of this rebuilding.

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Helpful and angry, he was apparently born with a golden sword in hand. He is also said to have mastered playing the lyre, an ancient type of harp.

One of the most important Roman goddesses, Diana is the goddess of the hunt, as well as nature, birth and the moon. Artemis, daughter of Jupiter and Latona and twin daughter of Apollo, is often seen as a counterpart to the Greek goddess, despite her Italic or older Indo-European origins.

According to legend, he was the one who raised the moon every night, and the size of the moon would depend on Diana’s mood: the smaller the moon, the more in Diana’s mood.

Diana was also the goddess of the lower classes and slaves, and the Ides of August were celebrated in her name.

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Ceres, daughter of Saturn and Ops and second sister of Jupiter, was the goddess of agriculture, harvest and fertility, as well as marriage and women. His role was so important that the Romans believed that when he was unhappy, the whole crop would die; and his mood was matched by the cycle of the seasons.

For example, autumn and winter will coincide with the saddest 6 months for Ceres, during which her daughter Proserpina was forced to live in the underworld with Pluto, guilty of eating pomegranates, known as underground fruit. Similarly, spring and summer would be happy seasons, during which Ceres rejoiced at the return of her daughter and thus allowed everything to bloom and crops to grow.

The goddess of the hearth, home and domestic life, Vesta was the last sister of Jupiter, Juno, Neptune and Pluto, and the daughter of Saturn and Opus. The worship of the Vestals, who participated in the constant flame that protected the city of Rome, was entirely dedicated to her. According to legend, he said that if the flames were extinguished, he would be extremely angry and Rome would be defenseless.

The Greek And Roman Gods And Goddesses

Vulcan is one of the lesser known Roman gods (not just an alien planet in Star Trek). He is the god of fire, metalworking and blacksmithing, as well as deserts and volcanoes. In fact, we first get the word “volcano” from its Latin name, Volcan.

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Vulcan is often depicted with a blacksmith’s hammer in hand. Every year, August 23rd was celebrated with a holiday called “Volcanals”, where large bonfires were lit and small animals were sacrificed in the fire.

He is believed to be one of the oldest Roman gods. In fact, a temple dedicated to him, Vulcanal, c. VIII. It dates back to the 10th century, when Rome was ruled by kings before becoming a republic.

Although Mars is best known as the god of war, he is also associated with agriculture (although he is more of a guardian than a farmer). Mars is the origin of words such as “battle”, the planet named after him and the month “March”.

March itself was named after the god, because at that time the Romans carried out military campaigns. The “season of war” lasted from March to October, and was also harvest time; Mars is associated with agriculture. March was also formerly the first month of the Roman calendar.

The Greek And Roman Gods

Mars is considered the son of Jupiter and Juno and often appears in Roman paintings with Venus, as well as Cupid. Their partnership, of course, represented love and war.

Mercury, another Roman god corresponding to a planet in the solar system, has many different aspects. Hermes is based on the Greek “messenger god”. Mercury is not only the god of messengers, but also the god of travel, trade, finance, luck, cunning and thieves. It is believed that his name is actually related to the Latin merc, which means merchandise.

As if that wasn’t busy enough, it also takes souls to the underworld. To help him navigate, Mercury is equipped with flying sandals called Talaria and can run as fast as the fastest Vulcan bird made of gold. There are also winged ones

The Greek And Roman Gods And Goddesses

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